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Indiana Corn and Soybean Yield Forecasts Down
Indiana Ag Connection - 08/13/2019

Indiana farmers anticipate lower corn and soybean yields this year, according to Greg Matli, state statistician, USDA NASS, Indiana Field Office. Indiana corn producers planted 250,000 fewer acres in 2019. Soybean acreage is also down; there were 550,000 fewer acres planted this year compared with last.

Much of the corn and soybeans were planted under less than ideal conditions which is negatively affecting yield potential. Conditions across the State have turned dry and growers are concerned about adequate grain fill.

- Indiana's average corn yield is forecast at 166 bushels per acre, down 23 bushels from the previous year. Total production is forecast at 813 million bushels.

- Soybean yield is forecast at 50 bushels per acre, down 8.5 bushels from the 2018 State record average yield of 58.5 bushels. Total production is forecast at 269 million bushels, down 22 percent from last year.

- Winter wheat yield is estimated at 67 bushels per acre, unchanged from the previous forecast and 4 bushels below last year. Winter wheat production is forecast at 17.4 million bushels.

Survey respondents who reported acreage as not yet planted for corn, cotton, sorghum, and soybeans in fourteen States for the Acreage report, released June 28, 2019, were re-contacted in July. Excessive rainfall had led to planting delays and challenges at the time of the survey, leaving a portion of acres still to be planted for corn in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; cotton in Arkansas; sorghum in Kansas; and soybeans in Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

When planting delays occur NASS has established procedures and processes in place to re-contact respondents. In addition to the updated survey information, NASS considered Farm Service Agency (FSA) certified acreage information as well as satellite-based indications of acreage to update planted and harvested acreage estimates for this report.

NASS estimates of planted area are always larger than the certified acres reported by FSA because of definitional differences and the fact that some producers do not participate in USDA programs and therefore do not report their acreage to FSA. It is also important to note that data are reported to FSA over an extended period of time, with varying due dates across the country, and is historically incomplete in early August. NASS has carefully analyzed these data for many years and has determined they normally don't become nearly complete until September for cotton and October for corn, soybeans, and sorghum. A detailed description of how NASS incorporates the FSA certified acreage information into the estimating process can be found at www.nass.usda.gov/Education_and_Outreach/Understanding_Statistics/FSA_Acreage.pdf.

Based on all of the data sources described above, planted and harvested area estimates for corn, soybeans, cotton, and sorghum were updated and included in this report. All States in the estimating program for these crops were subject to review and updating.

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